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The official name of the St. Peter's Basilica is 'The Papal Basilica of St. Peter in the Vatican'. The church was built in the Late Renaissance architectural style within the Vatican City. In Catholicism, it is regarded as the holiest of all sites, and it is the greatest church in Christendom.

The Captivating St. Peter's Basilica

The official name of the St. Peter's Basilica is 'The Papal Basilica of St. Peter in the Vatican'. The church was built in the Late Renaissance architectural style within the Vatican City. In Catholicism, it is regarded as the holiest of all sites, and it is the greatest church in Christendom.

Among the principal designers of the church are Donato Bramante, Carlo Maderno, the popular painter Michelangelo and Gian Lorenzo Bernini. The church was built from 1506 to 1626.

The grounds on which the cathedral is built is said to be the burial place of St. Peter, one of the disciples of Jesus. It is from him that the basilica derives its name. It is also the burial place of the first Pope and Bishop of Rome. The site also happens to have had a church since 4AD, during the reign of the Emperor Constantine the Great.

The Basilica and the adjacent St. Peter's Square is a popular pilgrimage site among the Christians. Along with the square, the Basilica can host as many as 70,000 believers. Some of these liturgies are presided over by the Pope himself.

The magnificent basilica measures 220 meters by 150 meters and has a height of 136.6 meters. It has a dome on its top that has a diameter of 42 meters.

If you are up for a sightseeing tour, make sure you visit the following attractions within the basilica;

  • the baptistery
  • the chapel of the presentation of virgin
  • the larger choir chapel
  • the clementine chapel
  • the sacristy entrance
  • the altar of sacred heart
  • the transepts with the alters of the crucifixion of St. Peter
  • Saint Joseph and Saint Peter
  • the Gregorian chapel and many more

The basilica is a study in Christian history. It serves as the focal point of the evolution of Christianity as a religion. Make a visit.

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